Detaining immigrants has turned into a very lucrative growth industry. Earlier this month, Daniel Ragsdale, the second-in-command at the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Agency (ICE), confirmed he will be leaving his position to work at GEO Group, the nation's second-largest private prison company.
"The simple act of sticking something out on the street means now you are a criminal," said Ivan Michel, one of the artists. "Our art counters and is subversive. [It is] social and, in some cases, it's political," added Mario Guzman, another ASARO artist, speaking about the collective's mission to provide alternative commentary to the state-driven narrative which permeates Oaxacan society and silences dissent, often violently.
After her husband was jailed for entering the United States without papers, Gabriela Casteñeda vowed to help her peers live without fear. On a Wednesday morning in February, 25 undocumented immigrants sat in a crowded Sunday school classroom at the Holy Spirit Catholic church in Horizon City, a neighborhood on the outskirts of El Paso, Texas.
The recent event, the first of its kind in the world, represents the growth of the subcultural vanguard of indigenous-created media that is slowly working its way into the multibillion dollar comic industry. For decades Native Americans have been wholly misrepresented in the world of comic books, stripped down to a series of caricatured, homogenized tropes of the American Indian.
For decades Native Americans have been wholly misrepresented in the world of comic books, stripped down to a series of caricatured, homogenized tropes of the American Indian. "We have been prostituted and raped in the story world," said Jonathan Proudstar, creator of 'Tribal Force'—America's first all Native American superhero comic.
Oaxaca, Mexico - It is November 2, the Day of the Dead in Mexico, and the family of Anselmo Cruz Aquino has gathered by a cross on a roadside in Nochixtlan, Oaxaca. It marks the spot where the 33-year-old was shot and killed last summer during a clash between the federal police and a dissident wing of the Mexican teachers' union, the National Coordinator of Education Workers, or CNTE.
There are around 11 million undocumented immigrants living in the US. On the night of Halloween in 2000, Carmen Caballero, who was then eight, and her three-year-old sister put on witches' costumes and met their aunt for a trick-or-treat excursion in their native city of Juarez, Mexico. They piled into their aunt's car and left.
The US detention system now holds upwards of 400,000 immigrants yearly. The number of immigration detention beds increased from 5,000 in 1995 to more than 30,000 guaranteed detention beds today. The expanding immigration detention market has been mirrored by increased lobbying efforts from private prison companies.
Sean Daly sits in his candied painted Chevy, which he affectionally nicknamed "Cochina." Outside El Santuario De Chimayo, 20 miles north of Santa Fe, New Mexico, Arthur "Lowlow" Medina leans forward on his wooden staff. The local artist and one of the pioneers of New Mexico lowriding motions toward his prized 1976 Cadillac parked just up the street from the Chimayo church, the spiritual center of hispanic/chicano culture in the Southwest.